Is India-Pakistan war Imminent?
by Farooq Tariq
General secretary, Labour Party Pakistan
[This article was received through the International Viewpoint e-mail service. We have not edited the text.]
The Bush war on terrorism has taken a new turn. It is possible that a real war could erupt between the two nuclear powers, Pakistan and India. It is not going to be one way traffic as was the case of American Afghanistan war. It is going to be a war, full of blood, not seen many years by the world, on both sides. Minor border clashes have already taken place and the air force of the both countries is on high alert. There have been reports of massive army presence on the borders on both sides.
The spokespersons of the governments of both countries are speaking the war language. Initial steps like recalling the Indian Ambassador, suspension of the only “Friendship” bus service, and four times weekly train between Delhi and Lahore have been suspended by the Indian government.
Vajpai and Nawaz Sharif governments during 1998 initiated the bus service as a token gesture of newly found friendship after they both met at Lahore. The bus service was not even suspended during the 28 days Kargil war between India and Pakistan during June 1998.
This is in response to a terrorist attack on Indian parliament on 13th December by armed men in which 14 were killed. The Indian government claimed that this was an attempt by the Inter Services Intelligence (ISI) of Pakistan to wipe out the whole political leadership of India. The Indian parliament was in session when the attack took place. Failed in its ambitions to enter the parliament building, the attackers were intercepted outside the building by the Indian guards. Six of them were killed on the spot plus the five terrorists.
Pakistan government and Pakistan media in their usual demagogy tried to blame the Indian Intelligence service RAW that it has engineered a plot against Pakistan. That, under the excuse of this attack, India will call on the international community to declare Pakistan as a state harboring terrorism. The military spokesman of Pakistan warned India of dire consequences if Pakistan attacked militarily. India government termed this attitude as non-serious. There were hysterical calls by the India main stream media to take actions not in word but in real actions against the Pakistani State. This is to teach them a lesson.
The Pakistani newspapers have reported on 23rd December that Indian government is also calling for the scrapping of Indus Water Treaty and suspensions of
over flight facilities to Pakistani civilian planes. The Indian home minister Advani has already spoken on crossing the border lines and the prime minister Vajpai has declared that all option are open to the Indian government. He spoke of taking the diplomatic efforts first and then discusses the possibilities of other options open to India. On the contrary general Musharaf who is on a five days visit to China at this time have termed the Indian response as arrogant and knee-jerk.
The Indus Water Treaty of 1960 governs the distribution of water from the Indus River and its tributaries between India and Pakistan. If this treaty were scrapped, it would not only starve the Punjab and Sind Province of Pakistan but Pakistan as whole and Afghanistan. The both provinces are heavily dependent on canal irrigation system coming out of these rivers. Because of the ongoing climate changes there has been a draught conditions for the last many years in arid areas of Punjab. The food requirements of Pakistan mainly met out the canal-irrigated areas of Punjab and Sind. The two provinces constitute over 80 percent of total population of Pakistan.
The governments of Both India and Pakistan are on a road to disaster. It is likely that the both governments will go further than the economic and other sanctions against each other. These are the first steps on the road to a real war. Both countries have gone to war against each other several times in the past. The last limited war was in 1998.
The mad politicians of India and military regime of Pakistan were on the same side with the “international community” during the Afghan American war. Now they both blame each other of harboring terrorism via armed religious fundamentalist on the question of Kashmir.
They want to take the American road to score their points. War is the only solutions, that is the conclusions these mad rulers are drawing after the events of last three months. American war on Afghanistan has brought no peace or no relive from the so-called terrorists. On the contrary, it has increased the danger of the world peace. The world is closer to a nuclear war than ever before in the history.
With the threat of a new war between India and Pakistan, all the claims of the US imperialism have been proved false. They claimed that by bombing Afghanistan and taking the power out of the hands of Talban would help to curb the menace of terrorism. The attack on Indian parliament, the failed attempt to blast it self on air on 23rd December, the killing of the brother of Interior minister of Pakistan on 22nd December at Karachi and the ongoing armed conflict in Palestine shows that terrorism will not stop by state sponsored terrorism.
US may have “won” the war and may be very pleased by Talban departure from power but the dangers of terrorist attacks have not gone. In fact, it has promoted the philosophy of war and war politics. The departure of Talban is by no mean an end of religious fanaticism. According to one survey, published today by Pakistani press, despite the fact, that Talban have not lived to its words of fight till the end, they still enjoy the support of 43 percent of Pakistan population.
The other bitter reality is that none of the Talban main leadership have been arrested or killed despite the rain of bombs on the main basis of the Talban. It has emerged now that Talban left the power with full consent of the American supported Karazai on the promise that none of them will be arrested or killed. Karazai has so for lived unto his promise. The main reasons could be the ethnic conflict within Afghanistan and Hamid Karazai still wanted to use the support of Pushtoon Talban in case he has problems with the other Uzbak, Hazara and Tajik nationalist leaders.
The strategy of Americans in Afghanistan could be compared with its strategy just after their victory in the Gulf War. US Imperialism helped defeated Sadam to remain in power and helped him to curb the popular uprising of Shia Muslims. At the time, they wanted to stop another Iran. Now they have bowed down to the internal conflicts and contradictions.
But this strategy has not helped to curb the religious fundamentalists.
Despite the fact, that Pakistan military regime has helped the Americans in their war efforts but they still hold the Kashmir policy as earlier. The religious fundamentalist groups are openly organizing their activities in Pakistan. None of the camps of the religious fundamentalists have been closed. They have not been banned from recruiting the unemployed youth from working class backgrounds. It is business as usual. But it can not go very long.
The military regime has to change its policy towards these so-called Mujahidin organizations that are eager to go for an all out war with the Indian Government. The Indian government social basis rests on Hindu Chauvinism. It needs such excuses to whip up the Hindi nationalism. Now it precisely does that.It is not a war against terrorism. If that is the case, it should not indulge in gross violation of human rights in Kashmir. The Kashmiries want independence. The religious fundamentalists want to turn this national struggle into a religious struggle. Part of ISI of Pakistan is helping these religious fundamentalists to achieve this goal.
General Musharaf is particularly in difficult position. He has publicly defended the Kashmir policy many times. He had to leave the much-publicized Agra Summit in August this year just for this very reason. Indian Prime Minister Vajpai was not accepting the centrality of Kashmir issue at the time. Vajpai offered to open the borders, more trade relations and other economic measure to bring the two countries more close to each other. But general Musharaf rejected all these offers and told point blank that until the Kashmir issue is not resolved, there will be no long lasting friendship.
Indian ruling class under Vajpai would not accept any solution of Kashmir that will hurt their social basis. So they refused and the Agra Summit failed.
Only a month later, after 11th September, General Musharaf took a U turns about its government policy to support the Talban and decided to side with Americans. It was a another contradiction by Musharaf regime. On one side they were helping the Kashmir Mujahidin in their holy war against Indian occupation of Kashmir. On the other side, they were supporting Americans against the Talban.
Who has carried the present attack on Indian parliament? India says it is Muslim fundamentalist from Lashkar Tayaba (Holy Army) and Jaish Mohammed (Prophet Mohammeds Army). General Musharaf asks the proof of that. It is just like the Talban were asking the proof to hand Osama to Americans. After the war in Afghanistan, the morality of providing proofs of any incident has become irrelevant. It is more of the interests and priorities of a certain country that guide their strategy and no need of any real proofs.
Pakistan and Indian working class has to act and act decisively in the present situation. They have to act now. They have to reject the excuse of their rulers to go for the war. There is no excuse to start a war. They have to say no to the war, yes to the peace. The need for a peace movement in the Indian subcontinent is for greater at present than any other time in the history.
The real losers in the war between India and Pakistan will be ordinary citizens of both countries. They have to pay the price of the war. The rich and the capitalist will make money out of war and the workers will pay not only dearly with cash but with their lives as well. They have no safe place or any money to leave the country.
The Indian and Pakistan economies are no more than $400 Dollars per capita. They both have almost one fifth of the world population. They both have more than 70 percent of the world poor. The economic impact of this war will be disastrous for both. Pakistan economy is already on the verge of economic collapse despite all the claims of international help. The Afghan war has already ruined the Pakistan economy. A war between India and Pakistan will role back the standard of livings of the masses to an unprecedented level.
The war between India and Pakistan has become a real possibility. It can only be avoided if General Musharaf take another U turn on his policy towards Kashmir. If he does not, he may loose the power and his life as well. No ruler of Pakistan has voluntarily left the power.
The Indian ruling class is all out for war. It can start from border clashes but can quickly spread all over the borders. The American Imperialism may not be in favor of such a war. But the circumstances can be out of their control. They have created a mess by attacking on Afghanistan. Every problem should be solved by waging a war, is the lesson Americans has taught.
A strong peace movement on both sides can have a decisive influence to change the war hysteria. Labour Party Pakistan will be in the forefront and will initiate this peace movement in Pakistan.
FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT LABOUR PARTY PAKISTAN
Labour Party Pakistan
Sufi Mansion 7 Egerton Road Lahore, Pakistan
Tel/Fax: 92 42 6303808